Thor: Ragnarök is no doubt a blockbuster and a quite different kind of superhero movie. Thor and his adopted brother, Loki who is king of tricks, protect the people of Asgard from being destroyed by Surtur, which is the god of fire from the Norse mythology, by turning their evil half sister, Hela , which is a women who wants to rule the nine worlds by summoning a undead army.
Which sentence of this movie is the one that inspired me to write this blog.
Loki: I have been falling for thirty minutes.
What Is Tenses
Tense are something that define the state and time background of a sentence, which means every sentence either has a tense that is directly shown towards the audiences and readers or one that is implied by the context.
Why do we need Tenses
If our cute baby, Loki, wants to make his brother aware of his falling situation, which was caused by Dr. Stranger, the greatest wizard of earth after the ancient one, and compliant his feelings about that wizard, he must explain his situation of falling in the last thirty minutes and make his sentence of explanation does not mean otherwise. So, in that case, Loki needs a tool that can help him to make his point stands by itself.
How Many Kinds of Tenses are There in English
There sixteen kinds of different tenses in English, which includes the simple present, the simple past, the simple future, the simple past future, the present continuous, the past continuous, the future continuous, the past future continuous, the present perfect, the past perfect, the future perfect, the past future perfect, the present perfect continuous, the past perfect continuous, the future perfect continuous, the past future perfect continuous. Theoretically, each kind of tense has its own passive voice , but only 8 of them are used in our daily live. I am gonna to explain each tense and its passive voice, if it has one, and make an example of them.
The Simple Present Tense
If we want to say something that is a truth or something that is repeating itself consistently, simple present tense is the tense that we need. Therefore, we are gonna to make an example about the simple present tense.
Dr. Stranger: Magic is my power.
This sentence gives us a message that Magic is the superpower of Doctor Stranger, and this is the truth and doctor can will his power at anytime he wants.
The Simple Past Tense
If we want to say something that does not exist no more, we can use the simple past tense to to that.
Dr. Stranger: My hands were perfect.
With the information that we get from this sentence, we know that Dr. Stranger’s hand are no longer perfect, which is caused by the car accident that was the consequence of his careless driving.
The Simple Future Tense
If we want to say something that happens in the future, we need the simple future tense. The simple future tense focuses on the existence of something not the continuous of it.
Thor: I will meet my brother again after I have a chat with Dr. Stranger.
“After I have a chat with Dr. Stranger” means this event happens in the future aka the time point after the present one. Therefore, Thor, god of thunder, wants to explain that he will see his brother in the future.
The Simple Past Future Tense
What the difference between the simple past future tense and the simple future tense? The answer is that the simple past future tense’ observation point is a time point of the past and the simple future tense’s observation point is the present.
The form of this tense is : would/should + verb.
Thor: Dr. Stranger said that I would see my brother after I have a chat with him.
“Dr. Stranger said” tells us the fact that the observation point of this sentence is a time point before the present, which is the past. “After I have a chat with him” implies that the event that is observed by the observer is happens in a time point after the present, which is the future. So the whole sentence is trying to tell the fact that Thor is telling something that has not happened yet and the other fact that Thor is explaining this by observing this event from the past. This tense is often used in a of someone else’s sentence.
The Present Continuous Tense
The present continuous tense is the tense that we use to explain something that happening right now and it will not stop in a while. Obviously, the observation point of this tense is the present.
The form of this tense is : is/am/are + Verb’s present participle
Loki: I am falling and I don’t know where I am going.
The state of Loki is in the air or the space, whatever, and he will stay in this situation for a while.
The Past Continuous Tense
If a sentence use this tense, what this sentence trying to say is that the event that happened in the past and this a time point or an implied time point of this event.
The form of this tense is: was/were + Verb’s past participle
Thor: I was frighting Hulk at 5:00 pm yesterday.
This sentence gives us the information that the event happened at 5:00 pm yesterday and it is still going on at 5:00 pm.
The Future Continuous Tense
A sentence with this tense means the event that it describes happens at a future time time and it will not stop in a short while.
The form of this tense is: will /shall +be+ Verb’s present participle
Thor: I will be looking for my father with Loki tomorrow 5:00 am.
The event happens in the morning of tomorrow, and the point of this sentence is tomorrow, which is a time point of the future.
The Past Future Continuous Tense
Like other past future tense, this tense’s observation point is a time point in the past and the event’s time point is in the future of the past.
The form of this tense is: would/should +be+ Verb’s present participle.
Loki: My brother said we would be looking for our father a 5:00 tomorrow morning.
Evidently, the observation point of this event is the time of Thor said about looking for their father and the event point is a time point that exists in the future. So I think past future tense is about past and past’s future. Other tenses are about present and present, which is the present tense; or present and future, which is future tense; and present and past, which is past tense.
The Present Prefect Tense
This tense means that a event that happened in the past and its influence still exists.
The form of this tense is : has/have + Verb’s past participle.
Thor: My hammer has broken.
Thor’s hammer was broken in the past, and he has no hammer now, which is the influence of the hammer broken event. Usually, this tense will no coexist with time.
The Past Prefect Tense
If an event happened at a time point of past’s past, the past prefect tense is needed.
The form of this tense is: had + Verb’s past participle
Thor: Before I frighted hulk, my hammer had broken.
“I frighted hulk” means this event happens in the past, and “Before” means the event in the main clause is happens before the past, which is past’s past.
The Future Prefect Tense
The future prefect tense means the event we are talking about happens in the future and it still on at a future time point.
The form of this tense is: will/shall +have Verb’s past participle.
Loki: When my sister gets to Asgard, she will have regained all her power.
In the sentence above, “When my sight get to Asgard” is a time point that happens in the future, and she will have finished the process of regaining her power, which is before the former event.
The Past Future Prefect Tense
From the prespective of the past, the event that finished before a future time point.
The form of this tense is : should/would +have +Verb’s past participle.
Thor: My brother said that our half sister would have regained all her power when she gets to Asgard.
This sentence demonstrates a fact that is pretty much the same as the future prefect tense. This, however, is observating from the future.
As far as I concern, compared to the future prefect tense, the only thing that the past future prefect tense has more is a persepective of past.
The Present Prefect Continuous Tense
This is a tense that implies the fact that the event happens before the present and it is still on.
The form of this tense is: have/has been +Verb’s present participle
Loki: I have been falling for thirty minutes.
After be tossed into that magic circle, Loki was falling, and now he is still falling. Therefore, “was falling” and “is falling ” equal “have been falling”.
The Past Prefect Continuous Tense
Similarly, this tense shows that the event had happened before a past time point and still on untill that time point.
The form of this tense is: had been +verb’s present participle.
Loki: I had been falling for 30 minutes before I hit the ground.
“I hit the ground” happened in the past, and the rest stands for itself.
The Future Prefect Continuous Tense
At a time point of future, the event is still on and it happened before that point.
The form of this tense is: will/shall have been +verb’s present participle
Loki: I will have been falling for more than forever when that wizard let me out.
“When that wizard let me out” implies a future time point, and, at that time point, the falling is still on.
The Past Future Prefect Continuous Tense
Similarly, the past is added.
The form of this tense is: would/should have been +verb’s present participle
Thor: Loki said that he would been falling for 30 minutes when that wizard let him out.
As I said, the past perspective is added.